Many people are confused about cholesterol and triglyceride levels.  Women need to be careful and monitor these levels because heart disease is on the rise in this population.  When getting test results, some say they do not understand how to read them.  Doctors will usually order a panel called the “Lipid Profile.” This panel includes Total Cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels.  Although I understood “Total Cholesterol,” I was a little confused about the LDL and HDL levels so, here is a breakdown of the panel.  I hope this brings some clarity to you as well.

What is Cholesterol?  Cholesterol is a type of fat in the blood.  Our bodies need some fat, but if there is too much in the blood, it can lead to sickness and disease.  Having too much cholesterol can clog and narrow the blood vessels and lead to health problems.

Total Cholesterol  
This cholesterol is a measurement of the total amount of cholesterol in your body, including LDL and HDL. This number should be less than 200.

LDL
This cholesterol levelshould be low. Many refer to it as the bad cholesterol. If this cholesterol is high, it leads to heart disease by causing clogged arteries. It is best if this number is less than 100.

HDLButter

This cholesterol helps remove the bad cholesterol from the body. Many call this the good cholesterol. This number should be 60 or higher. HDL levels less than 40 put you at dangerous risk for heart disease.

Triglycerides
Triglycerides are fats. It increases the risk of heart disease. These types of fats come from fatty foods. Triglyceride levels should be less than 150.

Why Should You Be Concerned?
Over and over again in medical literature, diet and health books, the news, and many other media outlets, certain key aspects seem to be prevalent in many diseases, and the same is true for heart disease. If we address the following things,  we can significantly reduce our chances of getting many health diseases:

Exercise – Lack of exercise increases the risk of heart disease.  Even though some realize this, they do day in and day out without exercising.  Physical activity must become a way of life.  Look at it this way: You must eat to live, and you must be physically active to live.  There is no way around it.  It is a must.  Exercise is free medicine for the body.  Want to increase your HDL (good) cholesterol? Then start exercising. When I did my yearly physical at work, my triglycerides and cholesterol levels were pretty good, but my HDL was too low.   In my exit interview, evaluator instructed me to increase this level by exercising regularly and that if I didn’t change anything, my results would remain the same.

Diet – You can lower your cholesterol by eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables that are rich in fiber. There is also fiber in whole grains, nuts, and beans. If you are trying to lower your cholesterol, it is recommended by the National Academy of Sciences that women take at least 25 grams of total fiber per day. Stay away from refined sugar,  white bread, and pasta and try whole grains and natural sugars instead.

Fats – Saturated fats that come from animal products are significant contributors to high cholesterol and should be used sparingly or eliminated. Labels that contain the words “partially hydrogenated” and choose an alternative product.  On the other hand, some foods that are considered healthy fats are avocados, ground flaxseed, olives, walnuts, almonds and chia seeds.

Home Food Substitute Suggestions
1. Substitute for oil – Applesauce
2. Substitute for eggs – Eggbeaters, ground flaxseed, or the slimy film of boiled flax seed.
3. Substitute for sugar – Dried fruit such as dates, frozen bananas, Agave Nectar, honey, Turbinado sugar, raw cane sugar, and Stevia.

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